First Aid

pediatrics, children's health, medical information, pamphlets, resources, P. Body, body, activities, booklets, Meditrends, first aid, bleeding, broken bones, burns, water safety, gun safety, common dangers, first aide, basic first aid, emergency, cuts, wounds, first degree burn, second degree burn, third degree burn, swimming safely, accidents, injuriesis when you care for a person who is hurt until other help can get there. Accidents and injuries happen once in a while. There are all kinds of accidents and injuries; from simple scrapes and cuts to very serious accidents. How can you help?

You need to act fast, get help and try your best to stay calm. You can save a life just as much as anybody can!

The most important thing to remember is to dial . The person who takes your call will ask you questions about what is wrong and will let you know how you can help the injured person until the other help gets there. If there are no telephones where you are, you will need to find help from others who are nearby.

Here are some general first aid tips for common injuries:

Bleeding — if you or someone you know gets cut and it seems to be more than a simple scrape or minor cut you should:

  • Apply pressure.
  • Raise the bleeding part above the person's heart.
  • Call for help.
  • Do not put medicine on the wound, wait for help to arrive.

Broken Bones —

  • Keep the broken part from moving, try to keep it very still.
  • Have the person lie down.
  • Get help from an adult or call for help if there is no adult with you.

Burns — first, see what type of burn it is and then treat it in one of the following ways:

  • First degree - the skin will be red and dry and this kind of burn is usually very painful.
    • there will be redness and pain, no blisters and the area may also swell
    • hold the burn under cold/cool, running water
    • do not apply butter or ointments, let an adult figure out if an antibiotic oinment is needed
  • Second degree - the skin may look wet, this burn is usually very painful and often swells.
    • there will be redness and blisters, this is burned past the first layer of skin
    • get help right away
    • do not put ice or icey water on it, this will cause body heat loss
    • do not break the blisters
    • do not use cotton balls to clean the area
    • do not apply any ointments, let a doctor decide how to treat this burn
  • Third degree -
    • this burn will appear brown or black with the part under it sometimes looking white
    • the burn can either be very painful or if the burn has damaged nerves, there can be little or no pain in the burned area
    • do not try to treat this type of burn
    • call for help , this burn type needs to be treated at a hospital as soon as possible

Here are some safety tips for common dangers:

Water Safety — swimming lessons are a good step at helping you to be safe in the water, but they don't make you "drown-proof". You need to follow other water safety rules as well:

  • Never swim alone, always swim with a buddy. Swimming alone is very dangerous.
  • Do not dive into water unless you have learned the right way to dive, an adult is nearby and the water you are diving into is over 9 feet deep.
  • Learn how to use rescue equipment and know where emergency phone numbers are kept.
  • When taking part in water sports like boating, jet skiing or water skiing you should wear a life jacket or other personal safety device that is US Coast Guard-approved. It is also a good idea to wear them around open water such as oceans, rivers and lakes due to the changes in currents, waves and undertows that are hard to stay aware of.
  • Get help from someone nearby or call for help if you see someone drowning and cannot get to them by yourself.

Guns (firearms) — GUNS ARE NOT TOYS! Playing or goofing around with a gun or rifle can be deadly or cause a very serious injury, to avoid such a horrible accident you should:

  • Never touch or play with a gun. Even if you think you know it isn't loaded.
  • Never point a gun at anyone, even if you are just playing. You could kill your friend or family member and will not be able to get them back. Make no mistake, real guns do KILL!
  • If you find a gun, tell an adult right away or call if no adult is around. DO NOT TOUCH THE GUN! Get away from the area until an adult can help.
  • If someone else is playing with a real gun, ask them to put it down, but DO NOT try to take the gun away because it could go off by accident. Leave the area and tell an adult or call if no adult is around.
  • If you go to a friend or relative's house and you see or find a gun that you can reach, ask an adult in the home to put the gun away for safety. When your parents pick you up, tell them about it so that they can see it doesn't happen again. If an adult in the home will not or does not put the gun away after you ask them to, know that it is okay for you to call your parents to come and get you if you want to go home.
  • If you use a rifle as a tool for hunting, make sure that you are trained the right way about how to use and care for it by an adult who has experience. Always be careful and remember that the rifle is not a toy, it can hurt you or those you care about if not used with caution.




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